AskDefine | Define hippodrome

Dictionary Definition

hippodrome n : a stadium for horse shows or horse races

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

from Greek: ίππος horse + δρόμος (-drome) a course

Noun

  1. a place of entertainment: theatre, circus, dancehall
  2. a horse racing course

Extensive Definition

A Hippodrome (Gr. from hippos, horse, and dromos, race, course) was a course provided by the Greeks for horse racing and chariot racing. Some present-day horse racing tracks are also called hippodromes, for example the Central Moscow Hippodrome.
The Greek hippodrome corresponded to the Roman Circus Maximus, except that in the latter only four chariots ran at a time, whereas ten or more contended in the Greek games, so that the width was far greater, being about 400 ft., the course being 600 to 700 ft. long. The hippodrome should not be confused with the Roman amphitheatre which was used for spectator sports, games and displays, or the Greek and Roman theatres which were semi-circular and used for theatrical performances. The Greek hippodrome was usually set out on the slope of a hill, and the ground taken from one side served to form the embankment on the other side. One end of the hippodrome was semicircular, and the other end square with an extensive portico, in front of which, at a lower level, were the stalls for the horses and chariots. At both ends of the hippodrome there were posts (termai) that the chariots turned around. This was the most dangerous part of the track, and the Greeks put an altar to Taraxippus there to show the spot where many chariots got wrecked. Taraxippus means disturber of horses.
One of the largest and most famous ancient hippodromes was the Hippodrome of Constantinople, built between AD 203 and 330. http://www.ismailacar.com.tr/HSphiaHtml/006.htm However, since it was built to a Roman design, it might be better categorized as a circus.

List of Hippodromes (of Greek rather than Roman origin)

hippodrome in Tosk Albanian: Hippodrom
hippodrome in Bulgarian: Хиподрум
hippodrome in Catalan: Hipòdrom
hippodrome in Czech: Hippodrom
hippodrome in Danish: Hippodrom
hippodrome in German: Hippodrom
hippodrome in Spanish: Hipódromo
hippodrome in Esperanto: Hipodromo
hippodrome in French: Hippodrome
hippodrome in Galician: Hipódromo
hippodrome in Italian: Ippodromo
hippodrome in Hebrew: היפודרום
hippodrome in Dutch: Hippodroom
hippodrome in Japanese: 競馬場
hippodrome in Norwegian: Hippodrom
hippodrome in Polish: Hipodrom
hippodrome in Portuguese: Hipódromo
hippodrome in Russian: Ипподром
hippodrome in Slovenian: Hipodrom
hippodrome in Finnish: Hippodromi
hippodrome in Swedish: Hippodrom

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

agora, amphitheater, arena, athletic field, auditorium, background, bear garden, bowl, boxing ring, bull ring, campus, canvas, circus, cockpit, coliseum, colosseum, course, field, floor, forum, ground, gym, gymnasium, hall, lists, locale, marketplace, mat, milieu, open forum, palaestra, parade ground, pit, place, platform, precinct, prize ring, public square, purlieu, range, ring, scene, scene of action, scenery, setting, site, sphere, squared circle, stadium, stage, stage set, stage setting, terrain, theater, tilting ground, tiltyard, walk, wrestling ring
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